Democracy & Education Exploring the Implications of Citizenship-as- Equality in Critical Citizenship Education

This article is a response to Ruitenberg’s (2015) argument that citizenship-as-equality should be the focus of citizenship education. My aim in the response is to offer clarifying comments and questions and suggest further ideas for expanding her analysis, highlighting in particular two perspectives that deserve more attention: first, the role of emotions in the constitution of political subjectification and the practice of equality; second, the possible openings that might be created when the notion of citizenship-as- equality is utilized as a point of departure to instill more criticality in students’ understandings of and feelings about citizenship.

Authors: Michalinos Zembylas

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